Lesson Ten: God’s Messengers An Introduction to Nubuwwah – Part 1


In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

The Principles of Religion for Children

The “Principles of Religion” course has been collected and edited by volunteer experts and teachers in the Mohammad (PBUH) Scientific and Cultural Foundation Office for Kids and Teens (Khaane Koodak va Nojavan in Farsi). This course is appropriate for children between the ages of 8-12. The course aims to help students gain basic knowledge on Shia Islam, including beliefs and doctrine.

The course literature differs as the age group of students changes (e.g., eight years-old when compared to twelve years-old) allowing teaching attitudes and course structure to match with the students capacity for learning while the course objectives and learning outcomes remain the same.


 Lesson Ten: God’s Messengers

 An Introduction to Nubuwwah – Part 1

Zahra Moradi, Zahra Entezar Kheyr, and Sara Entezar Kheyr

Translated by: Ali Mansouri

Edited by: Marzie Salehi


Instructive Note: Whenever we hear the name of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), we should recite a Salawat to be thankful for all the efforts he put for our guidance.



In the recent sessions, we discussed the Principles of Religion. How many principles of religion are there?

Good job! There are five: Tawhid, Adl, Nubuwwah, Imamah, Ma’ad

What does “The Principles of Religion” mean?

Correct! They are roots of religion.

Why do we call them roots of the religion?

Yes, good job! Because they are very important. If we consider the religion of Islam as a tree that has roots, branches, and fruits, those principles would be roots of that tree. This means that if someone does not believe in them, or has a flawed belief for one of them, it is like the roots of his/her religion tree have been dried. Consequently, the branches and fruits of that tree will go dry and wither away very soon.

How many of these five principles have we talked about?

Two of them: Tawhid and Adl.

Tawhid means that our Creator is one and there is no person or thing that is like Him.

Adl means that God does not oppress anyone.

In this session, we want to talk about the third principle of religion; that is Nubuwwah. Nubuwwah means believing that God, the Most Kind, has sent his best and most compassionate servants as Prophets to guide human. Muslims accept all of the God’s Prophets and respect all of them.

It worth to remember the session at which we described God to be very kind and purely like us. As you may remember, we explained that God wants nothing rather goodness for us. Because of this kindness and to able us reach happiness, He has prepared us a roadmap and plan for our life journey. Children, do you agree that no one better knows than God what is good and what is bad for us, or what benefits or harms us? Of course, God who has created us better knows. Hence, there is no way and plan for us better than what God has shown us.

The plan and roadmap of life which God has introduced to human is known as “religion”.

Religion, or the roadmap of living, looks at many different issues in life. It contains many should and should nots, must and must nots, and has idea for various topics and numerous matters which human may face to during his life journey. It does not limit to major subjects rather covers all aspects of life to protect human from missteps and slips. For example, Islam has opinion on eating behavior, what is good or bad for us. It even tells us how to sleep. For example, we should not go to sleep with a full stomach and we generally should not sleep on our stomach. It advises us what to do before sleeping and after waking up. It tells us how to talk, what we should and should not say. How to behave with our friends, elders or neighbors. Another example is religion covers our behavior with animals and plants. It looks at many other subjects and has opinion for every matter.

One of the Prophets’ jobs was to, on behalf of God, introduce people roadmap of life. That roadmap is called religion.

Now, which one of you knows the name of the first Prophet?

Good job! Prophet Adam (AS).

People of every era had their own Prophet. God is the Most Kind and has sent 124,000 compassionate Prophets for the guidance and happiness of the human. God sent numerous prophets to transcribe, explain and remind God’s messages to human.

How could people be sure that somebody who has claimed to be a Prophet, has been sent by God in reality? There are a few different ways.

First, people need to pay attention to what that person says and invites to. If that person encourages unreasonable things and untruthiness, people can find out that person could not be selected by God as prophet and his claim is not true. Another key is prophets asked people no cost in return of their prophethood. If someone asked people to do something for his own benefit, such as giving him money or doing his personal tasks/commands, it clarifies that he was an imposter who aimed to deceive people.

The other way was that real Prophets could, by God’s power, do special things as a sign which were impossible for other people to do. Instances are bringing the dead back to life, or opening a dry pathway by splitting sea. These sort of things are called “miracles”. Miracles are signs of God’s power and the Prophets’ truthfulness. The prophets were all outstanding people for honesty even before their prophethood. God granted prophets miracles to remove any doubts from people’s heart indicating they were sent by God to deliver God’s messages.

Can you say the names of a few of God’s Prophets?

Good job! Excellent!

Now, who knows what the name of the last Prophet is?

Very good! Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

[At this point the educator says a Salawat so that the children join him/her]

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was the last prophet sent by God. With his prophethood, God’s religion became complete; that means details of the roadmap of human lives that God has determined were entirely delivered to people. All Muslims love the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and are thankful to him for his hard work to guide human to the right path. The Prophet worked hard to show people the right path of life despite some unpleasant feedbacks and difficult circumstances. To guide people, he faced many challenges. He and his followers were persecuted in many ways such as sanctions and death threats. Despite difficult conditions, he always invited people, with smile and kindness, to do good deeds and avoid bad actions. He has explained the people worship the God Who is the One, rather than worshipping materials such as stones and wood or believing in multiple gods. He urges people to be truthful, helpful and well-behaved, be nice to children, respect your parents, be kind to females, take care of nature including trees, consider hygiene and many other good deeds. He strongly advises people to avoid from annoying or harming each other, calling each other by bad words, telling lie, and many other bad deeds.

However, some people did not like his way. They had oppressed people, wanted to bully and deceive others, empower individuals, ignore other people’s right to live well, harm whoever they did not like, steal or take by force whatever they liked from others. But Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) disagreed them.

The Prophet dedicated his entire life, wealth, belongings and even his loved ones for humanity of human. This is why whenever we hear his name, we send a Salawat in order to show how much we love him and are thankful for his hard work. A Salawat mean that we ask God to make the advance of the Prophet’s status in heaven greater and greater.

Now my dear children, let thank our dear Prophet for his efforts for us by sending a loud Salawat: Allahumma salli ’ala Muhammadin wa aali Muhammad

Good job!

Let’s remember that from now on, whenever we hear the name of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), we should send a Salawat.


Main Source: Mohammad Foundation


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